Questions & Answers

Question about acetate buffer and what happens when HCl is added to such a solution

Debra ask:How do I attack this problem?
I want to compare the effect of adding 1mmol of HCL to 100 ml of 0.2M acetate buffer at two different starting pH's.
(pKa of acetate buffer =4.7Initial pH = 4.7Initial pH = 5.7Thank you

Hi Debra,

There is both a short and long answer to your question. The short answer is that at pH=4.7 you are muchcloser to the equivalence point of your buffer (pH 4.7 when its a CH3COOHCH3COO- buffer) and at that pH the additionof HCl will cause a much larger change in pH than at pH=5.7.

However, you can calculate (this is the long answer) how much pH changes by doing some fairly simplecalculations. Since the explanation is not short I've made a separate webpage answering your question.It is named acetate buffer.The answer is also found as a pdf document named acetate buffer. The Excel spreadsheet showing allthe calculations is shownhere.


Question about glucose and ionic strength

Anonymous ask:what would be the ionic strenth of say 100mM Glucose? where there is no charge?

Dear Anonymous,

When there is no charge there is no contribution to the ionic strength. Ionic strength only counts charge ions.So, for any standard calculation glucose is not considered charged - and do not contribute to the overall ionicstrength of the solution. You can refer to the page about ionic strength.


An introduction to Ionic Strength BackgroundTo quantify the effect of inter-ionic interactions, such as molecular attraction and repelling, one has to have a `parameter` describing themagnitude of these forces and how they alter the way certain calculation are done.Topic: Equilibriums The pH s...

Question about acetate buffer This is the long and computational answer to Debra's question about what happens when 100 mmol of HCl ispoured into an 100 ml acetate buffer (0.2 M) 06.07.2019 Author: Jim ...

NaHCO3 dissolved in water - how is pH calculated? Background about buffersA buffer is a solution that has the ability to keep pH within a certain and narrow range: even if an excessof hydrogen ions (H+) is applied to the solution. In other words:buffers resist changes in pH whenreasonable amount of either H+ or OH- is added to the buffer solution.Th...

Acids and bases - Broensted-Lowry definition A more fundamental definition of acids and bases than the one provided on the index page was given by the Danish chemists Johannes Broensted.The definitions are:A Broensted acid is a proton doner.A Broensted base is a proton acceptor.The English chemist, Thomas Lowry, proposed exactly the same at roug...